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Cervicogenic headache

What Is Cervicogenic headache?

Cervicogenic headache is referred pain perceived in the head from a source in the neck. Cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache, which means that it is caused by another illness or physical issue. In the case of cervicogenic headache, the cause is a neck disorder or lesion.

Diagnostic criteria:

  • Pain, referred from a source in the neck and perceived in one or more regions of the head and/or face, fulfilling criteria C and D.
  • Clinical, laboratory and/or imaging evidence of a disorder or lesion within the cervical spine or soft tissues of the neck known to be, or generally accepted as, a valid cause of headache1
  • Evidence that the pain can be attributed to the neck disorder or lesion based on at least one of the following:
    • demonstration of clinical signs that implicate a source of pain in the neck
    • abolition of headache following diagnostic blockade of a cervical structure or its nerve supply using placebo- or other adequate controls.
  • Pain resolves within 3 months after successful treatment of the causative disorder or lesion